SAP HCM Interview Questions And Answers

SAP HCM Interview Questions And Answers for experienced professionals from Codingcompiler. These SAP HCM interview questions were asked in various interviews conducted by top multinational companies across the globe. We hope that these interview questions on SAP HCm will help you in cracking your job interview. All the best and happy learning.

In this SAP HCM Interview Questions Blog, You Will Learn

  1. SAP HCM Interview Questions
  2. SAP HCM Interview Questions and Answers
  3. Frequently asked SAP HCM Interview Questions 
  4. Advanced SAP HCM Interview Questions and Answers

SAP HCM Interview Questions

Q. What is SAP HCM?

Answer:

SAP HCM is an on-premises system that services HR functions such as compliance, payroll, personnel files and benefits administration. In December 2011, SAP announced its acquisition of Success Factors, signaling SAP’s commitment to the cloud while maintaining its commitment to its HCM products.

Q. What are the modules in SAP HCM?

Answer: 

HCM is part of the functional modules. SAP HCM manages all functions from hiring an employee to its final termination in organization. It consists of various sub-components such as Personnel Management, Organizational Management (OM), Time Management and Payroll.



Q. List The Various Components Of The Enterprise Structure In Systems, Applications, And Products (SAP) In Human Capital Management (HCM)?

Answers: The components of the enterprise structure in SAP HCM are given as follows:

  • Client
  • Company code
  • Personnel area
  • Personnel subarea

Q. What Is Client In The Sap System?

Answer :

In the SAP R/3 (R stands for Realtime) system, a client is an organization and a legal entity. A client is positioned at the highest level among all the organizational units. It contains the master data of various business processes, such as customers, products, and vendors. A three-digit number is used to represent clients in the SAP R/3 system.

Q. What Is Company Code?

Answer :

A company code is a unique four-character alphanumeric code that represents a legally independent enterprise.

Q. What are the different modules of SAP?

Answers: 

SAP Modules are classified into 4 types

  • SAP Functional Modules
  • SAP Technical Modules
  • SAP New Dimensional Modules /SAP New Modules
  • SAP IS – Industries specific modules.

Q. What are the different types of projects?

Answer: 

There are 7 types of SAP HR projects

1. SAP Implementation Project.
2. SAP Support Project.
3. SAP Roll-Out Project.
4. SAP Enhancement Project.
5. SAP Upgradation Project.
6. SAP Migration Project.
7.SAP Acquisition/Merger Project.

Q. What Is SAP HCM Workflow?

Answer: The SAP HCM Workflow automates business processes and assigns tasks to the appropriate person at the right time.

Q. What Do You Mean By Infotypes In SAP HCM?

Answer: Infotypes are referred to as system-controlled characteristics of employees. Information related to an employee is stored in the form of Infotypes.

Q. What Are Features In SAP HCM?

Answer: 

Features are decision trees customized in the Implementation Guide (IMG) screen in SAP HCM that are made up of technical fields whose values are defaulted in the easy access.

SAP HCM Interview Questions and Answers

Q. What Is Personnel Area?

Answer: A personnel area is a subunit of company code. It is identified as an organizational unit representing an area in an enterprise, which is organized according to personnel administration, time management, and payroll accounting criteria. It is represented as a four-character alphanumeric code. For example, the personnel area code for a corporation is CORP.

Q. What is ASAP methodology?

Answer: 

ASAP is SAP’s standard implementation methodology.

Phases in SAP Implementation Methodology

    Phase 1: Project Planning
    Phase 2: Blueprinting
    Phase 3: Realization
    Phase 4: Final Preparation
    Phase 5: Go Live

Q. How can you define default wage types for the Basic Pay Infotype?

Answer: The system can suggest a default wage type for basic pay (IT0008), to do this appropriate wage type must be included in a wage type model. Here you define the default wage types and the sequence of how they should appear in the info type Basic Pay and whether you can overwrite the defaulted wage type or not.

Q. What Is The Meaning Of Global Employment In Sap Hcm?

Answer: 

Global Employment is termed as an employee having personnel assignments with one enterprise or several affiliated enterprises, in more than one country at the same time.

Q. What Do You Mean By Infotypes In Sap Hcm?

Answer :

Infotypes are referred to as system-controlled characteristics of employees. Information related to an employee is stored in the form of Infotypes,

which are represented by a four-digit numeric code given as follows:

  • 0000 for actions
  • 0001 for organizational assignment
  • 0002 for personal data
  • 0003 for payroll status

Frequently asked SAP HCM Interview Questions 

Q. What are the three administrators?

Answer: 

The three administrators are :

  • Personnel Administrator
  • Payroll Administrator
  • Time Administrator

Q. What are Dynamic Actions? Give few examples?

Answer: 

Dynamic actions when triggered by the system. They are the result of some personnel action. If changes are made (personnel action) to the personnel data of an info type, then has an effect on the data of a second info type, the system automatically displays the info type. One of the main purposes of the dynamic action (of the system) is to have a consistent and coherent data. These actions are started automatically by the system, unlike the Personnel actions which you start by yourself. The best example is when an action is carried out like hiring; it needs to populate a set of info types. In the initial entry of details in info type 0000 is personnel action. Then the system automatically displays next info types- which are the result of dynamic action.

Q. What is the difference between Indian and US Payroll?

Answer: 

Does each of them have their own ITs and the taxation differs? Yes, since the Benefits which are more important in the US. In the US unemployment tax will come. Garnishments will come, Residence taxation, Work tax and others.

Q. What activities are possible when the payroll control record is set to “Released for Payroll”?

Answer: 

If you choose the function Release Payroll from the menu, you are prevented from changing infotype data records if such changes affect the past or present. This lock applies to the personnel numbers included in the payroll area concerned. Changes that affect the future are still permitted. You must execute this function in the menu before starting the payroll. If the status of the payroll control record was previously Exit Payroll, the Release Payroll function also has the effect of increasing the period in the payroll control record by 1.

Q. What Are Features In Sap Hcm?

Answer: Features are decision trees customized in the Implementation Guide (IMG) screen in SAP HCM that are made up of technical fields whose values are defaulted in the easy access.

Advanced SAP HCM Interview Questions and Answers

Q. Do you know in OM -> copy plan version?

Answer: 

To copy plan version use the Tcode: RE_RHCOPL00.

This report is only for copying objects from one plan version to another plan version to keep updated structures Always only one plan version would be active which is current. This report does not help to copy any master data.

Q. Is it possible to configure a single payroll to pay an individual in multiple currencies?

Answer: No. The system can be configured to pay in multiple currencies but not to pay an individual in multiple currencies.
IT0015

Q. What Do You Understand By Mandatory Activities?

Answer :

Mandatory activities are activities for which SAP does not deliver default settings, such as organizational structure. Customer-specific requirements must be stored for activities that are classified as mandatory.

Q. Which infotypes are generated automatically by the system in SAP HR?

Answer: Infotype 0003 ( Payroll Status ).

Q. What is the success factor in SAP HCM?

Answer: 

SAP’s SuccessFactors HCM suite includes core HR modules such as payroll, global employee benefits, time off and record keeping; talent management modules such as employee performance management, compensation management, succession management, learning, recruiting, onboarding, workforce planning, and workforce analytics.

Q. What Are Non-required Activities?

Answer: Non-required activities are activities for which SAP delivers all the default settings. These activities, such as country-specific settings, are used rarely.

Q. Which characteristics does a day with day type 1 have?

Answer: Its OFF and Paid.

Q. Can a posting run be deleted?

Answer: 

Yes It can be reversed before the Bank transfer.Once the transfer is done the payments need to be adjusted in the next payments.

Q. What is Dynamic Action?

Answer: Dynamic Action feature is make available in SAP HR to  perform automatically by the system based on certain conditions.

Q. What Are Non-critical Activities?

Answer :

Similar to critical activities, the non-critical activities should also be performed carefully, but the errors committed in these activities have less negative consequences.

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