What is Core ML – Apple Machine Learning Framework

What is Core ML from Coding compiler. Core ML is an Apple machine learning framework that integrates machine learning models into its own apps. The framework supports models designed and trained with Create ML as well as models of other frameworks such as TensorFlow.

What is Core ML – Apple Machine Learning Framework

With Core ML it is possible to integrate well-trained machine-learning models into your own iOS apps. It’s an Apple-provided framework that’s optimized for machine learning applications on Apple devices, minimizing storage and power consumption.

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The framework is suitable for various Apple products and works together, for example, with Siri , Camera or QuickType together. Developers can implement their own artificial intelligence ( AI ) applications without deep programming skills in machine learning. Core ML both supports the provided also by Apple Create ML designed and trained models and models from other frameworks. The combination of Create ML and Core ML allows the development of machine learning applications within the Apple ecosystem without the need for third-party software.

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Other supported frameworks include MXNet or TensorFlow . AI applications can be used for voice and image recognition, for text extraction, or for finding relationships and patterns in data.

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The main features of Core ML

Core ML supports a variety of different models. For maximum performance, Core ML uses the power of CPUs and GPUs. The machine learning models and applications are fully operational on a dedicated device without the need to transfer data to other systems for analysis. This ensures the protection of the data used and allows the application to function reliably even without a network.

Core ML supports vision for image analysis and Natural Language for text analysis. Vision’s possible machine-learning features include facial recognition, text recognition, barcode recognition, object tracking, person tracking, and more.

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Use of converters to integrate third-party machine learning models with Core ML

Core ML is not intended to create and train machine learning models. The framework relies on already created and trained models. Apple provides some sample models and Create ML to create and train custom models.

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In addition, there are numerous converters with which machine learning models of various frameworks and formats can be converted into the format required by Core ML. For example, converters are available for the following frameworks:

  • Apache MXNet
  • TensorFlow
  • ONNX (Open Neural Network Exchange)

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The interplay of Create ML and Core ML

In addition to Core ML, Create ML is an important tool from Apple to implement its own machine learning applications. Core ML was introduced at the Apple Developers Conference WWDC 2017. Create ML followed a year later. While Core ML integrates ready-made model into its own apps, Create ML is designed for creating and training models.

Create ML uses Apple technologies such as Swift or Xcode and is able to automate the creation and training of models using Swift scripts. The models can be tested and trained on a Mac computer and do not need dedicated servers. Data can be fed via drag and drop via a graphical user interface. Developers do not need specific knowledge about the algorithms used or the structure of the underlying neural network.

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Benefits of using Core ML and Create ML

Core ML and Create ML allow developers to incorporate artificial intelligence and machine learning functions into their own apps with little effort and without special programming skills. The frameworks are easy to use and work on Apple devices with high performance.

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Training is possible directly on local computers and does not require its own server infrastructure. The finished apps work standalone on Apple devices. No data needs to be transferred to external devices and no internet connection is required. Services or software from external providers are superfluous. If necessary, models of other frameworks such as TensorFlow can be adopted via Core ML.

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Improvements in the current version of Core ML 2

The current version of Core ML is Core ML 2 (as of March 2019). It was presented at WWDC 2018 by Apple. Core ML 2 delivers even more performance and enables the use of even more compact machine learning models on iOS devices. The new version allows developers to access a wide range of machine learning models. This includes standard models such as SVM (Support Vector Machines) or Tree Ensembles and more than 30 Deep Learning Layer types.

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