SAP Testing Interview Questions And Answers

SAP Testing Interview Questions And Answers prepared from Codingcompiler experts. These SAP Testing Interview Questions were asked in various interviews conducted by top multinational companies across the globe. We hope that these interview questions on SAP Testing will help you in cracking your next job interview. All the best and happy learning.

In this article, you’ll learn

SAP Testing Interview Questions
SAP Testing Interview Questions And Answers
Advanced SAP Testing Interview Questions And Answers
The Best SAP Testing Interview Questions And Answers

SAP Testing Interview Questions

  1. What is SAP?
  2. What is the use of SAP Testing?
  3. What are the Testing Tools we use to test the SAP data?
  4. What is SAP TAO?
  5. What is ERP?
  6. Why do we perform SAP testing in the company?
  7. Explain SAP Integration Testing?
  8. Explain SAP Scenario / String Testing?
  9. What is Unit Testing?
  10. What is Integration Testing?

SAP Testing Interview Questions And Answers

Q. What is SAP?

Answer: SAP is the name of the company founded in 1972 under the German name (Systems, Applications, and Products in Data Processing) is the leading ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) software package.

Q. What is the use of SAP Testing?

Answer: SAP Testing is about testing the functionality of above SAP modules and to ensure that they perform as per the configuration.

Q. What are the Testing Tools we use to test the SAP data?

Answer: 

Testing in SAP is usually done by use of test scripts. These are sequences of instructions which follow business processes. They can be used by configuration, support and end users. The new configuration in SAP is usually done in a Development client. After the configuration is completed it will be tested in that client by the configuration and/or support team. When they are satisfied the config is working correctly they will transport the new settings to a Quality Assurance client. There, any client-specific configuration is added and then the tests are run again. When the config/support team are satisfied they will have the tests run by end users. The end users are more likely to spot any procedures that don’t meet the usual business requirements but these might be deliberate, either as improvements or to meet the requirements of operating with SAP.

Q. What is SAP TAO?

Answer: SAP TAO is an automation tool to generate test cases for end-to-end scenarios for SAP applications. Apart from this, there are various other Automation testing tools for SAP testing like HP QTP, and ECATT, etc. that can be used.

Q. What is ERP?

Answer: ERP is a package with the techniques and concepts for the integrated management of business as a whole, for effective use of management resources, to improve the efficiency of an enterprise. Initially, ERP was targeted for the manufacturing industry mainly for planning and managing core business like production and financial markets. As the growth and merits of ERP package ERP software is designed for the basic process of a company from manufacturing to small shops with a target of integrating information across the company.

Q. Why do we perform SAP testing in companies?

Answer: Here is a list of key reasons why SAP testing is performed and why it is an important function in the growth of an organization −

System Validation − SAP Testing involves complete end-to-end testing and validation of all SAP modules in SAP ERP environment.

Quality and Revenue − SAP Testing is an output-based testing and not like conventional testing methods which are input-based. It ensures the quality of SAP system and also focuses on revenue and cost of the organization.

Cost and Predictability − SAP Testing involves reducing the SAP development costs and improve predictability.

Compliance Requirement − SAP Testing ensures that the SAP implementation is meeting the new compliance requirements in a specific organization and all the modules are working as per the expected configuration.

New Implementation and Configuration Changes − There are different types of changes implemented in a SAP system, like patches and fixes, new implementation, configurational changes. Therefore, SAP testing ensures that all the modules are performing as per requirement in this dynamic system environment.

Integration − SAP testing is performed to test various reports, data flows and work flows, GUI forms, etc. It is used to check system integration between different modules. For example, if an order posting is done that requires an action in Sales and Distribution, MM and FICO, then SAP testing checks the integration between these systems.

Performance − It is also used to ensure if the system will be able to meet the Service Level agreements, time taken by system to perform specific actions, performance of the system, etc.

Q. Explain SAP Integration Testing?

Answers: This testing is similar to scenario testing except it is typically done in the QA environment and uses more realistic data. Ideally, the data has come from a near real data extraction, conversion and load exercise (not necessarily a full conversion) so the data has a certain familiarity to it for a business end user, e.g. recognizable customers, materials, pricing, vendors, contracts, etc. The testing shows that the business process as designed and configured in SAP runs using representative real-world data. In addition, the testing shows interface triggers, reports, workflow are working.

Q. Explain SAP Scenario / String Testing?

Answer: This tests specific business cases. For example, there may be configuration and business process design that is unique to a certain customer set or a given product line or a set of services. Tangible products and services are processed very differently from each other, so you might have different scenarios you need to test. Again this testing is usually done in the development environment to prove out a requirement – an argument can be made to say this is a test case you would cover in system testing. Scenario testing can also happen in the QA environment, but I prefer to call that string testing. This testing also includes the execution of interfaces and other development objects, e.g. reports, with fabricated data.

Q. What is Unit Testing?

Answer: It is a type of white-box testing that involves testing a single unit or group of units.

Q. What is Integration Testing?

Answer: In this testing, multiple systems are combined together to test the output of the integrated system.

Advanced SAP Testing interview Questions And Answers

Q. What is Stress Testing?

Answer: In this testing, the system is put into stress beyond its specification to check when it fails.

Q. What is Beta Testing?

Answer: The aim of beta testing is to cover unexpected errors. It falls under the class of black-box testing. It is performed by releasing the pre-version of the final product, called Beta.

Q. What is Manual Testing?

Answer: Manual testing means you are testing a software manually without using any automated tools or any script. In this type of testing, the tester takes over the role of an end-user and tests the software to identify bugs or any unexpected behavior.

There are different stages of a manual testing. They are − unit testing, integration testing, system testing, and user acceptance testing.

Q. Explain SAP End-to-End Testing?

Answer: This is similar to scenario testing in that a specific business case is tested from start to finish and includes running of interfaces, reports, manual inputs, workflow, etc. In short, it is attempting to simulate a real-world business process and, in order to make it as real as possible, it is done using the most realistic data. Ideally, the data used was the result of a data extract, conversion, and load process. I would expect this kind of testing to occur in a QA environment: at some level, it can be seen as a way of validating that the individual unit tests, scenario tests, integration tests, and interface tests produced results that work together.

Q. Why do you usually choose to implement SAP?

Answer: There are a number of technical reasons numbers of companies are planning to implement SAP. It’s highly configurable, highly secure data handling, min data redundancy, max data consistency, you can capitalize on economics of sales like purchasing, tight integration-cross function.

Q. Explain SAP Usability Testing?

Answer: This testing is usually concerned with how many keystrokes and mouse clicks it takes to perform a function; how easy and intuitive it is to navigate around the system and find whatever it is that you are looking for. In an SAP implementation using the standard GUI, there isn’t much scope for this kind of testing: end-user training shows how to navigate, how to create short cuts and favorites, modify screen layouts, etc. On the other hand, a project that involves building portals may well need to perform this kind of testing, not just for reasons mentioned earlier, but also for consistency of look and feel.

Q. How can an ERP such as SAP help a business owner learn more about how business operates?

Answer: In order to use an ERP system, business person must understand the business processes and how they work together from one functional area to the other. This knowledge gives the student a much deeper understanding of how a business operates. Using SAP as a tool to learn about ERP systems will require that the people understand the business processes and how they integrate.

Q. Why do you usually choose to implement SAP?

Answer: There are number of technical reasons numbers of companies are planning to implement SAP. It’s highly configurable, highly secure data handling, min data redundancy, max data consistency, you can capitalize on economics of sales like purchasing, tight integration-cross function.

The Best SAP Testing Interview Questions And Answers

Q. What is the different type of users in SAP?

Answer: Different types of users in SAP are,

a) Dialog Users
b) System Users
c) Communication Users
d) Service Users
e) Reference Users

Q. What is GUI Testing of SAP Applications

Answer: Test the functionality of your SAP R/3 applications. In minutes you’ll understand the power behind Rational Robot’s Object Testing as you quickly record tests that verify:

  • Properties of SAP screen controls.
  • Values in application fields.
  • The integrity of your business process flow.
  • The robot lets you record functional tests against your SAP R/3
  • application, regardless of R/3 hardware platform or database server

Q. What is Testing Orienting Applications?

Answer: Software Testing is more Oriented to Detecting the defects or often equated to finding bugs. Testing is a process of executing a software system to determine whether it matches its specification and executes in its intended environment under controlled conditions. The controlled conditions should include both normal and abnormal conditions. Testing should intentionally attempt to make things go wrong to determine if things happen when they shouldn’t or things don’t happen when they should.

Q. What is SAP QA?

Answer: Sap QA: – SAP Application QA involves the entire software development PROCESS – monitoring and improving the process, making sure that any agreed-upon standards and procedures are followed, and ensuring that problems are found and dealt with. It is oriented to ‘prevention’.

Q. What is AWB?. What is its purpose?

Answer: AWB stands for Administrator WorkBench. AWB is a tool for controlling, monitoring and maintaining all the processes connected with data staging and processing in the business information warehousing.

Q. What is the significance of ODS in BIW?

Answer: An ODS Object serves to store consolidated and debugged transaction data on a document level (atomic level). It describes a consolidated dataset from one or more InfoSources. This dataset can be analyzed with a BEx Query or InfoSet Query. The data of an ODS Object can be updated with a delta update into InfoCubes and/or other ODS Objects in the same system or across systems. In contrast to multi-dimensional data storage with InfoCubes, the data in ODS Objects is stored in transparent, flat database tables.


Q.  What are the different types of source system?

Answer: SAP R/3 Source Systems, SAP BW, Flat Files, and External Systems.

Q. Name a few modules on which SAP testing can be performed.

Answer: 

  • SAP testing can be performed on the following modules −
  • SAP Material Management
  • SAP Financial Accounting and Controlling
  • SAP Sales and Distribution
  • SAP Human Resource
  • SAP Supply Chain Management
  • SAP Plant Management

Q. What is Screen flow logic in SAP Testing?

Answer: Screen flow logic in SAP Testing is like an ABAP code and it is used to contain the processing blocks. It contains procedural part of screen and is created in screen painter and this screen painter is similar to an ABAP editor.

Q. What is Extractor?

Answer: Extractors is a data retrieval mechanisms in the SAP source system. Which can fill the extract structure of a data source with the data from the SAP source system datasets. The extractor may be able to supply data to more fields than exist in the extract structure.

Q. What are variables?

Answer: Variables are parameters of a query that are set in the parameter query definition and are not filled with values until the queries are inserted into workbooks. There are different types of variables which are used in different application: Characteristics variables, Hierarchies and hierarchy node, Texts, Formulas, Processing types, User entry/Default type, Replacement Path.

Q. What is Bex?

Answer: Bex stands for Business Explorer. Bex enables end user to locate reports, view reports, analyze information and can execute queries. The queries in workbook can be saved to there respective roles in the Bex browser. Bex has the following components: Bex Browser, Bex analyzer, Bex Map, Bex Web.

Q. What is the significance of ODS in BIW?

Answer: An ODS Object serves to store consolidated and debugged transaction data on a document level (atomic level). It describes a consolidated dataset from one or more InfoSources. This dataset can be analyzed with a BEx Query or InfoSet Query. The data of an ODS Object can be updated with a delta update into InfoCubes and/or other ODS Objects in the same system or across systems. In contrast to multi-dimensional data storage with InfoCubes, the data in ODS Objects is stored in transparent, flat database tables.

Q. What is AWB?. What is its purpose?

Answer: AWB stands for Administrator WorkBench. AWB is a tool for controlling, monitoring and maintaining all the processes connected with data staging and processing in the business information warehousing.

Q. How to connect to SAP TAO to SAP solution Manager?

Answer: Go to SAP TAO and login and select SAP SOLMAN in the list. This list of system is SAP TAO is fetched from configuration file of SAP logon. So to add a system in SAP TAO, you need to add a new system in SAP Logon and refresh the list in TAO.

Q. What is the use of Process Flow Analyzer in SAP TAO?

Answer: Process Flow Analyzer is used to automatically find out the user interfaces used in transaction codes executed in a SAP system. It automatically creates the test components and upload them to Quality Center. It is also used to identify the sequence of test components as per user actions and creation of spreadsheet values.

Q. What is SAP Cutover Testing?

Answer: 

Cutover testing is usually performed once in a project lifecycle. Here a full-scale execution is done of all the tasks involved to extract data from legacy systems. Then, to perform any kind of data conversion, load the results into the SAP system and fully validate the results, including a user sign-off.

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