How To Become Full-Stack Developer

How to Become Full-Stack Developer in 2019 from Codingcompiler. As a developer to enter the industry, of course, it has its own challenges, which are increasingly complex, with increasingly dynamic conditions of industry demand that require us to shift to popular and widely used tools and programming languages.

Even if it is imagined coders, first with only one programming language that programmers can use to complete an application but not now, programmers are required to know various technologies from various platforms that will have an impact on the programmer in completing their work properly.

What is Full-Stack Development? Who is Full-Stack Developer?

Have coders ever worked on a programming language for example we will make a website display using html programming language, besides we make the framework of the website it turns out we also have to be able to make a design or appearance we can use photo editing software and we must convert the design into front-end code form.

Thus this is what is often termed Full-Stack Developer.

Full-Stack Developer Illustration

Full-Stack Developer Illustration

What does the term ‘full-stack programmer’ mean?

The term full stack developer means that developers are comfortable working with back-end and front-end technologies. More specifically, developers can work with databases, PHP, HTML, CSS, JavaScript and also can convert photo editing software designs to front-end codes.

Does a Full-Stack developer have to master all things and technologies?

To become a full-stack developer does not have to master everything and the technology he needs to work, because that is an impossible thing. He just needs to feel comfortable working with these technologies and that’s a lot to learn.

The Technologies Needed by Full-Stack Developer

Well coders, let’s discuss one by one the main technologies that are needed by full-stack developers now to work:

System Administration Skills for Full-Stack Developers

  1. Linux and basic shell scripting
  2. Cloud computing: Amazon, Rackspace, etc.
  3. Background processing: Gearman, Redis
  4. Search: Elasticsearch, Sphinx, Solr
  5. Caching: Varnish, Memcached, APC / OpCache
  6. Monitoring: Nagios

Linux is used on most Internet, generally being an operating system in web development, a full-stack developer should know how cloud hosting works like Amazon, Rackspace, or other providers, along with its API.

Search is an integral part of some websites. A developer should know how to prepare and use a search server such as sphinx or elasticsearch.

Caching is also important, such as Varnish, reverse proxy, Memcached, and opcode caching. Developers must know these things and how to use them.

[Related Article: Difference Between RHEL 6 And RHEL 7]

Web Development Tools for Full-Stack Developers

  1. Version control: Git, Mercurial, SVN
  2. Virtualization: VirtualBox, Vagrant, Docker

Now, it has become mandatory to use version control , although coders are solo web developers. Supported by virtualization, having a lot of development environments per project is very good to have and it is very easy to manage it with VirtualBox and Vagrant. If you want to work with Vagrant, developers also need to know the basic syntax of Ruby and shell scripts.

Back-End Technologies for Full-Stack Developers

  1. Web servers: Apache, Nginx
  2. Programming language: PHP , NodeJS , Ruby
  3. Databases: MySQL, MongoDB , Cassandra, Redis, SQL / JSON in general.

Apache & Nginx is a web server that is widely used by web developers. A full-stack developer must know how to manage these applications to serve the website content.

PHP things that must be mastered at a high level, while NodeJS, Ruby is also good to know.

In addition, database management is also a requirement for a web developer. The difference between relational databases (such as MySQL, PostgreSQL) vs. non-relational databases (MongoDB, Redis, Casandra) is something to note, besides the XML / JSON syntax.

[Related Article : MongoDB Insert Update Delete Document Tutorial]

Front-End Technologies for Full-Stack Developers

  1. HTML / HTML5: Semantic web
  2. CSS / CSS3: LESS, SASS, Media Queries
  3. JavaScript: jQuery, AngularJS, Knockout, etc.
  4. Compatibility quirks across browsers
  5. Responsive design
  6. AJAX, JSON, XML, WebSocket

New methodologies and frameworks continue to appear every day, starting from MVC, MVVM, MVP, Angular, Knockout, Ember, etc.

Communication with the back-end via AJAX or WebSocket is also important to learn.

[Related Article: External JavaScript Files And Execution Order]

Design Technologies for Full-Stack Developers

  1. Convert website design into front-end code
  2. UI – User Interface
  3. UX – User Experience

In addition to front-end technology, a full-stack developer must also understand what might be possible and what is not with the limitations of HTML / CSS / JavaScript and convert the design of a photo editing software file .

For example, if we want to set up Vagrant, we must know the Ruby syntax. If we want to manipulate DOM elements, Jquery is a must-learn thing.

[Related Article: What Is The Difference Between UI And UX?]

Mobile Technologies for Full-Stack Developers

Another category that needs to be mentioned is mobile technologies. Mobile technologies are industries that are very dynamic and very closely related to web development.

  1. iOS
  2. Android
  3. Hybrid: Phonegap, Appcelerator

Is it better to be a Full-Stack Developer?

If coders want to be a full-stack developer, they must have an open mind about new technologies, must be able to use every technology mentioned above, and must understand how an application is made, from the concept to the finished product.

[Related Article: The Future of Blockchain Technology]

The idea of ​​a “full-stack developer” does not mean that you have to be an expert, familiar with all the technologies that exist because specialization doesn’t exists in this context. “full-stack developer” is more about understanding each area and technology mentioned above, can communicate well with colleagues, and can be a useful asset if indeed the situation requires the knowledge.


We hope that you have clear on What does the term ‘full-stack programmer’ mean? What are the essential skills needed to become a full-stack developer, and the technologies needed by full-stack developer. In the recent years there are many full-stack developer jobs were created by the top multinationals, mid-sized and small companies across the globe. The average full-stack developer salary is $88,488 in United States. If you are more enthusiastic about learning new technologies, then full-stack developer job role is the perfect fit for you. Happy learning.!

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